Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) is one of the successful schemes launched by Government of India. Under this scheme more than 3 crore LPG connections provided at free of cost. This was really a game changer scheme launched by Narendra Modi to transform rural India.
Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi launches “Pradhan Matri Ujjwala Yojana” scheme on 1 May, 2016 during his at Ballia, Uttar Pradesh. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is basically an NDA government scheme created with the aim of providing five crore LPG connections to all families below the poverty line, over the next three years i.e. till 2019. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was quoted as saying that the reason behind choosing Ballia to launch the scheme because ballia was having the lowest number of LPG connections available in the district.
This was a vision of Government of India to make pollution free cooking in our houses, especially of rural India because in rural areas people have to rely on firewood, coal, dung-cakes etc. It causes lots of problems releated to heath of women, because they are mainly involved in cooking. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG, So that they don’t have to compromise their health in smoky kitchens or wander in unsafe areas collecting firewood.
Indian women faced this problem for many years, but nobody was there to think about them. Prime Minister probably himself seen this or faced such problem during his childhood. So he took this opportunity to change the scenario of kitchen. This was a major problem during rainy season to collect firewood, sometimes the wet firewood creates smoky environment of housed, this was difficult phase for women to cook their food. This caused many health problems in people of villages or areas of such environments.
This was a relay grate initiative by the Government of India; they have even implemented this scheme quite effectively. Even WHO have appreciated such scheme because smoke inhaled by a woman by unclean fuel or firewood is equivalent to burning 400 cigarettes in an hour. This is became a game changer because it bring down demand for kerosene and, so there its subsidy burden also reduced, which is about a third of the total fuel subsidy spend. The introduction of direct benefit transfer for LPG subsidy and gradual rationalisation have also alleviated some subsidy pain by reducing leakages.
To make this scheme successful government also stared “Give It Up” initiative. Total cost of Ujjwala Yojana wa Rs. 8,000 crore, the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) will partially be funded using the money that has been saved from 1.13 crore cooking gas consumers who voluntarily gave up their subsidies during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Give It Up’ initiative. A hopping Rs. 5,000 crore subsidy saved through this campaign and now this will be used to provide LPG connections to poor families which lack even the basic amenities of life.
The efforts of Government worked in positive directions and they have provided connections to 3, 30,000 families. Probably they will complete their targets of 5 crore families by 2019 deadline. Government has completed 72 % . So they will easily cover the initial target of 5 crore in 2019. Now Narandra Modi has set up new objective to provide 8 Crore LPG connections by 2020.
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There are nearly 24 crore families who are using LPG connections but many of them are not active because of geographical conditions and economic issues. But many of inactive consumers also coveting into active due to impact of Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme (DBTS). Ujjwala Yojana creating awareness among people of villages about their health and other issues smoky environment. It will change people’s perspective of using LPG instead of unclean fuel, Kerosene, firewwood, coal etc.
Across 11 states in India, around 95.1 lakh LPG connections have been issued under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwana Yojana scheme that aims at the welfare of the rural population. The scheme was introduced with a view to replace unhealthy and inefficient cooking methods with subsidised LPG. State wise, the widest rollout of this scheme seems to be in Uttar Pradesh, which accounts for a third of the total connections – around 34 lakh LPG cylinders – registered and distributed so far.
Total number of connections released under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana scheme in India as of May 9th, 2018 is as follows:
|State||LPG Connections under PMUY|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||3,480|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||11,665|
|Daman and Diu||268|
|Jammu and Kashmir||4,42,298|
Data Source : data.gov.in