The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a list of the 15 most polluted cities in the world, of which 14 cities belong to India. That means we are leading the world in spreading pollution. Environment is now become top of priorities across the world, but our priority is industrial development not environment.
In the last few years the government has started saying that the environment is a big issue which should not be ignored. But the environment has not been given priority even in policy making. Recommendations of prestigious institutions related to the environment are only increasing the look of files. In the name of development, big industries have been allowed to do anything. Indirectly, they are also assured that the issue of environment will not obstruct their path. Now situation is that in this case, the court orders are being diluted by politicizing the issues. On Diwali last year, the court ordered the burning of firecrackers in Delhi, but a political party portrayed it as an intervention in Hindu tradition. The effect of this attitude was that the common people used to burn the fireworks and burn fireworks.
WHO collected data of 4,000 cities in 100 countries that shows the pollution levels of the National Capital improved only marginally between the years 2010 and 2014. However, the levels started to worsen again in 2015. In 2016, Delhi came at sixth spot with PM 2.5 annual average of 143 micrograms per cubic metre (more than 3 times the national safety standard). PM 10 average of Delhi was 292 micrograms per cubic metre (more than 4.5 times the national standard).
The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a list of the 15 most polluted cities in the world, of which 14 cities belong to India. That means we are leading the world in spreading pollution. This list of polluted cities is in 2016, in which Kanpur is the first and Delhi is number six. There is often concern about the pollution of the capital but now all the country has to talk about. Nothing will be done by releasing pollution free to some metros only, although this is also just a dream.
In Indian cities, pollution is mainly from industrial units and vehicles. Industrial units are not everywhere. Some of industries has been transferred from Delhi and some metro cities. But this did not solve the problem, because pollution control was not on their agenda even in the new place. Most pollution control measures have not been done in most units. The matter of disposing of liquid and solid wastes is beyond their thinking, so someone suppresses it under the ground, someone directs them to the rivers.
Being questioned, in some cities, the use of gas has been promoted instead of petrol and diesel. But its expected results are yet to come. Long lines are on CNG pumps in the metros and in spite of the court orders, old diesel vehicles keep releasing smoke on the roads.
Last year, the government had announced that from 2030, all the cars being made in the country will only run from the battery, but then our system and corporate groups has silenced it. Regarding the electrification of the railway also there are differences within the government. This kind of attitude will not work for the betterment of environment. Considering the environment, it is strictly necessary in uniformity and implementation in transport, energy and city planning policies. Keep in mind the eyes of the whole world are now on us.
WHO: LIST OF TOP POLLUTED CITIES IN THE WORLD
|RANK||CITY||PM 2.5 LEVEL|
|15||Ali Subah Al-Salem (Kuwait)||94|